Raised Bed Vegetable Garden Layouts for Beginners (2024)

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Interested in growing food in a raised garden bed? Discover the benefits of using a raised garden bed and three plans for real raised bed vegetablegardens.

What Are RaisedBeds?

At their simplest, raised beds are soil mounds created directly on the ground, but they are often framed with wood, bricks, or other materials for a neat finish. Raised beds are usually filled with a mixture of high-quality potting soil, compost, and/or leaf mold. They drain well and are excellent for otherwise difficult areas such as stony, compacted, contaminated, very wet, or nutrient-poor soils. They can even be used on hard surfaces. By attaching hoops to the edges of the beds, netting or shade cloth can easily be added for added cropprotection.

Which Size of Raised Bed isBest?

For home vegetable gardens, narrow beds up to four feet wide are best, as this enables the gardener to reach into the center of the bed. This avoids the requirement for digging and disturbing the existing soil structure, and soil compaction is reduced as there is no need to walk on it. Raised beds are also useful for gardeners with limited mobility as they reduce the need to bend and can even be built on raised platforms for wheelchairaccess.

Raised beds can be used for any size garden, from a small 4 x 8 feet to a large backyard garden.Read more about building raised beds.
Raised Bed Vegetable Garden Layouts for Beginners (1)

Raised Bed Vegetable Garden Layouts for Beginners (2)

Raised Bed Vegetable Garden Layouts for Beginners (3)

Planning Your Raised BedGarden

Garden Plans for RaisedBeds

Below are examples of garden plans created by Almanac readers with the Almanac Garden Planner!

1. Raised Bed Layout: CommunityGarden

Garden Location: Escalon, California
Garden Size: 41’ 11” x 30’1”

See plant list!
Raised Bed Vegetable Garden Layouts for Beginners (4)

2. Raised Bed Layout: BackyardGarden

Garden Size: 25’ 0” x 29’ 11”
Garden Location: Hobbs, New Mexico
Sun or Shade: Sunny
Garden Soil Type: Goodsoil

See plant list!

Raised Bed Vegetable Garden Layouts for Beginners (5)

3. Raised Bed: SchoolGarden

Garden Size:55’ 11” x 80’ 11”
Garden Location: Learning Farm
Sun or Shade: Sunny
Garden Soil Type: Poorsoil

See plant list!

Raised Bed Vegetable Garden Layouts for Beginners (6)

Looking for more garden plans? See free layouts for other types of gardens.

Plan Out Your RaisedGarden!

Ready to start planning your own garden?Learn more and try out the Garden Planner for free today!

Raised Bed Vegetable Garden Layouts for Beginners (7)

Raised Bed Vegetable Garden Layouts for Beginners (2024)


How do you layout a raised garden bed? ›

Allow enough space between beds in your raised-bed garden design. It's tempting to fill the entire space with raised beds, but paths around the outside of your beds will make planting, maintaining, and harvesting your beds easier. The distance between raised beds should be at least 3 feet wide (4 feet is even better).

What is the basic layout of a vegetable garden? ›

As a general rule, put tall veggies toward the back of the bed, mid-sized ones in the middle, and smaller plants in the front or as a border. Consider adding pollinator plants to attract beneficial insects that can not only help you get a better harvest, but will also prey on garden pests.

How many plants can fit in a 4x8 raised bed? ›

You can grow up to 32 different plants inside your 4' x 8' raised garden bed using “Square Foot Gardening” techniques. There are countless books and online resources available to guide you in this rewarding method of gardening.

What 3 vegetables grow well together? ›

Which Vegetables Grow Well Together?
VegetableCompanion PlantDon't Plant Together
OnionsBeets, carrots, Swiss chard, lettuce, peppersAll beans and peas
PeasBeans, carrots, corn, cucumbers, radish, turnipGarlic, onions
PotatoesBeans, corn, peasTomatoes
SquashCorn, melons, pumpkinsNone
11 more rows
Jun 26, 2021

What vegetables should not be planted next to each other? ›

14 Vegetables You Should Never Plant Together—Gardening Experts Explain Why
  • 01 of 14. Beans and Onions. ...
  • 02 of 14. Tomatoes and Potatoes. ...
  • 03 of 14. Corn and Tomatoes. ...
  • 04 of 14. Tomatoes and Brassicas. ...
  • 05 of 14. Cucumber and Squash. ...
  • 06 of 14. Lettuce and Celery. ...
  • 07 of 14. Fennel and Tomatoes. ...
  • 08 of 14. Peppers and Cabbage.
Jan 16, 2024

What should I put at the bottom of a raised garden bed? ›

Some gardeners chose to implement a barrier at the bottom to keep out pests and weeds. Below are a few materials you can use: Cardboard or newspaper: Cardboard is a great option if you are on a budget. You can line the bottom of your raised garden bed with cardboard and newspaper to deter pests and weeds.

How many cucumber plants in a 4x8 raised bed? ›

Using square foot gardening, you can comfortably grow two cucumber plants per square foot.

What is the most efficient vegetable garden layout? ›

Square foot gardening is an efficient and space-saving technique that involves dividing your garden into small, manageable squares. Each square is typically one foot by one foot and is planted with a specific number of plants depending on their size.

What is the most basic garden layout? ›

The traditional basic vegetable garden design has been straight and long rows running from north to south. Usually anything growing tall, like corn, beans or peas are planted on the north side of the vegetable garden to keep them from casting shade on the shorter crops.

Can you plant tomatoes and cucumbers together? ›

Tomatoes and cucumbers can be grown together successfully, and there are actually some benefits to planting them together. Both plants have similar growing needs when it comes to sunlight, soil conditions, and watering. And if space is at a premium, interplanting the two will allow you to get more out of your garden.

What is the spacing for tomato plants in a raised bed? ›

If you're planting more intensively in the ground, not in rows, follow the 18-24 inches guide throughout, but consider how you will reach the plants without trampling them. In Raised Beds: Guidance for planting in raised beds is similar to planting intensively in the ground, following the 18-24 guide.

What are the best plants for raised beds? ›

Some perennials that grow well in raised beds include daylilies, lavender, oregano, rhubarb, raspberries, and hostas. Just know that if you plant these in your bed, they'll continue to occupy that space for quite a while (unless you decide to pull them, of course!).

Can you plant vegetables closer together in raised beds? ›

Seed packet instructions and the experts all tell us that plants need appropriate space if we want the best growing results. Well, I'm going to debunk this myth and blow it right out of the raised garden bed for good and say crowding your vegetables together is not only safe to do but it might actually be better!

What can you not plant near tomatoes? ›

Companion Plants To Avoid Growing Near Tomatoes
  • Brassicas. Cabbage, broccoli, cauliflower, kale, Brussels sprouts, and kohlrabi can stunt the growth of your tomato plant because they out-compete them for the same nutrients. ...
  • Corn. ...
  • Fennel. ...
  • Dill. ...
  • Potatoes. ...
  • Eggplant. ...
  • Walnuts.
Feb 1, 2022

Can you plant carrots and tomatoes in the same raised bed? ›

While many people grow both tomatoes and carrots in the same garden beds, alongside one another, quite successfully, there is no real evidence that either plant does better in the same neighbourhood.

What is the best garden mix for raised beds? ›

Whether deep or shallow, raised beds give a gardener a way to create ideal soil conditions on an even larger scale. While potting mix alone is too light for use in raised beds, creating a 50:50 blend of potting mix and Miracle-Gro® All Purpose Garden Soil will give just the right balance.

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